||Closing, or "bottom" verse (Shimo-no-ku) of tanka, consisting of two
seven-syllable lines. May stand for the shorter half of the renga verse (hokku is
||Derives from exclamation "Appare"- "Oh!". Can be translated as "sad
||Elegy (usually on somebody's death), funeral song, mourning song.
||Experience of harmony. One of the aware categories.
||Additional sylable in the end of poem.
||1)Composition of poems 2) (Bud.) Chant.
||"Threaded words" -- one of the traditional Japanese poetic techniques.
Associative words- images.
||Seamen's song, usually a rowing cheer.
||Masterpiece of Japanese literature by Lady Murasaki Shikibu, written toward
the beginning of the 11th century. One of the most important books of the
middle ages, it recounts the story of four generations of the imperial family
spanning more than 70 years
||Prosaic style similar to haikai in its use of humor, jocular sayings, and
||The circle of haikai poets (syn.: - kadan).
||A painting (drawing) in the spirit of haikai . These works usually
complemented actual haikai poems, or borrowed their plots.
||Haikai genre poet.
||Poetry genre manifesting most clearly in haiku form. In contrast with classical
renga, a popular genre. Another variation was haikai renga, an aphoristic and
playful genre common in Edo period.
||One of Japanese short poetry forms. "Originally, the form was restricted in
subject matter to an objective description of nature suggestive of one of the
seasons, evoking a definite, though unstated, emotional response. Later its
subject range was broaden
||Alias of a haikai poet . (syn.: - haigo:).
||1) The spirit of haikai. 2) Haikai mood.
||Great poet of haikai, first of them all Matsuo Basho (1644-1694).
||Haiku poetry pals.
||1)One or more tanka amending nagauta. 2) Tanka sent in epistolary reply.
||First, or "upper" verse of tanka or renga. Often used as syn. of haiku.
||Poetic style, popular between the middle Heian (794-1185) and the late
Kamakura (1185-1333) periods; during this time it was considered the modern
style (lit. modern style, the latest fashion), as opposed to the court poetry
||Romantic fascination, desire, sensuality.
||Poetic technique of introducing a contextually important word in an apparently
||Epos, epic poetry.
||The art of composing waka; poetry.
||A parody, e.g. singing parody words using famous melody.
||Gravestone inscribed with waka.
||Usage of homonims.
||One of the aware categories.
||Chinese poetry of the Chan era, Chinese poem in general; (kanshijin - Japanese
poet, writing in Chinese).
||A poet of genius (appellation reserved for the compeers of Hitomaro and
Basho) (syn.: kasen - outstanding poet, shisei - great poet: Du Fu, Chinese poet
of 8 century).
||Song, ballad, in general, a form of sung folk tale.
||In haiku poetry, the word hinting at the season of the year.
||Love song, love lyrics.
||Old song, ancient poem.
||Heart, feeling, soul. The opposite of kotoba - substance.
||Word, language, speech. With kokoro, it is one of the central categories of
||The act of composing haiku poems.
||The oldest anthology of Japanese poetry, it is made up of 20 volumes
containing more than 4500 nagauta, tanka, and sedo:ka verse; their authors are
unknown. The poems are organized into three sections (so:mon, banka, jo:ka).
Manyoshu: is believed to be pu
||A genre of Japanese prose: tale, story, legend.
||(lit.: fascination of things) Philosophic and aesthetic category expressing the
literary ideal of the Nara period (710-784). The enveloping sensation of
refinement and grace, in which the feeling and the mind come together.
||The view of the world peculiar to Heian nobility that developed under the
growing influence of Buddhism.
||(lit.: heart free from illusions) Short for mushin renga - "serious" renga devoid
of jokes and humor (ant. - ushin).
||Long song of an almost unlimited number of verse (up to 50). Alteration of five
and seven syllable lines with two seven-syllable lines at the end.
||(lit..: diary) One of the genres of medieval literature. Most known is the diary
of Murasaki Shikibu, lady in waitng of the imperial court.
||(lit. Thought, meditation) In poetics - the idea and the emotional content of
||A genre of medieval poetry originating from tanka which gained popularity in
Heian era (794 - 1192).
||Ancient chants based on folk songs of Nara period. (710-784).
||Laudatory song, hymn.
||Satiric or jocular hokku (5-7-5). This popular verse flourished during Edo
(1603-1867) period and was characterized by the use of slang expressions, no
seasonal words and down-to-earth interpretation.
||Early medieval poetic genre (5-7-7, 5-7-7). Originates from the folk song
practice of two voices repeating twice each 5-7-7 verse.
||Poet (syn. shijin, haijin).
||Chinese and Japanese poetry.
||Aspect, form. Usually refers to a literary form.
||Tanka, composed by two persons.
||Juxtaposition, metaphors of all kinds.
||(lit.: comparing song) One of the six main waka genres typical for Heian
period, in which the feelings and ideas found metaphorical expression.
||Judge in haiku composition contests.
||Funeral song (syn.: - banka).
||Parallel (usually coupled) lines in verse that clarify meaning increasing the
||Poem (in tanka or nagauta form ).
||Tanka composition contest.
||A wish to compose poems.
||Japanese song. Stands for all forms of court songs, in contrast to folk song
kayo and Chinese verse kanshi; very often used as a synonym for tanka.
||Refinement, elegance. One of the aware categories.
||Mysteriousness, depth. Ancient aesthetic category closely related to